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Submitted by Noel Michaels on Friday, July 12, 2013 at 12:00 AM


By Noel Michaels

The summer racing season at Saratoga is all about the top horses, trainers and jockeys in the sport of horseracing, and the top-notch betting and handicapping that goes along with it. The fields are huge, the competition is stiff and evenly-matched, and the payoffs are often pricey and loaded with good value for horseplayers who are willing to put in the necessary effort.

Saratoga is the ideal meet for horseplayers who follow track trends and do their homework, because you know that so many novice handicappers and tourists will be pumping so much money into the pools at the highly-anticipated 40-day Saratoga racing season lasts throughout the heart of the summer, running six days a week (every day except Tuesday) from Friday, July 19 until Labor Day, Monday, Sept. 2.

The Saratoga meet will waste no time getting in gear with a pair of graded stakes on opening weekend, including the Grade 1 CCA Oaks on July 20 and the Sanford Stakes on July 21.  Then the second week will be highlighted by a huge second Saturday of action on July 27, which features a pair of $600,000 stakes - the G1 Diana and the G2-Jim Dandy.  When the third week of the meet rolls around at the beginning of August, the month will really get off to a bang-up start courtesy of Whitney Stakes Day on Saturday, August 3.

Later in the meet, Saratoga’s two biggest weekends will center around the Alabama Stakes and the Travers Stakes, which are scheduled on Saturday, August 178, and Saturday, August 24, respectively. The meet then wraps-up on "Final Stretch Weekend" for a stakes-filled three-day Labor Day weekend extravaganza.

The Saratoga meet is non-stop action for handicappers, and it’s easy to see why horseplayers look forward to this annual centerpiece race on the annual Thoroughbred racing calendar.

Of course, this meet, or any meet for that matter, can sure be a lot more enjoyable when you are winning, so I have put together a few short and simple tips that can get you started in the right direction and give you a little information edge as you get ready to unleash your bankroll on the races at Saratoga.  Read on for some advice on what to look for at "The Spa," and I hope you have an enjoyable and profitable Saratoga meet. I’ll be on plenty of winning horses and hope you’ll join me for this final weekend at Belmont as we build bankroll for the opening of Saratoga on Friday. Good luck and good racing!

Winning Running Styles and Saratoga’s Winning Track Profile

There are a few key things for handicappers to watch out for at Saratoga races in terms of post positions and running style angles. Here are some of the top long-term trends to look for to give you the edge.

First off, Saratoga’s main track is speed favoring at all distances. The speed bias is especially prevalent in races at 6 furlongs and shorter, particularly with 2-year-olds. Early speed horses on or within a length of the lead at the first call win nearly 50% of all short sprints.

Second, with the move to Saratoga the focus in New York racing flip-flops from benefiting one-turn route specialists down at Belmont to favoring route horses that do their best running around two turns up at Saratoga. Bet horses whose best route races came on more traditional layouts such as Aqueduct, Gulfstream, the mid-Atlantic region, or in past races at Saratoga, particularly if those past races were at Saratoga’s route distance of 1 1/8 miles. Give these two-turn horses the edge against overbet horses that do their best running in Belmont’s one-turn routes.

Third, as detailed thoroughly later in this article in the turf sprint section, downgrade the three inside posts in turf sprints, particularly the rail, while upgrading horses drawing far outside posts in those races.

Fourth, outside posts are negative factors on the Saratoga turf courses in routes to varying degrees. Posts 8 and outward are a slight disadvantage on the turf at most distances, while far outside posts 10 and outward are usually poor bets. The inside three posts can offer a good advantage to horses running on the inner turf course at the distances of 1 mile and 1 1/16 miles.

And finally, in Saratoga grass races the pace profile of the average turf winner at Saratoga is a horse that is roughly about 4 lengths off the pace at the first call and 2 1/2 lengths off the pace at the second call. Hold more strict to this pace preference on the Mellon course, where deeper-closing winners happen less frequently than on the inner turf.

If you can get to the paddock for inner track turf races, look for physically small, athletic-looking horses instead of large, long-striding horses. The little guys handle the tight inner course turns nicely, while the big bulky horses generally don’t.

Two-Year-Olds and First-Time Starters

Saratoga is home to some of the country’s best 2-year-old races, and you are more likely to see next year’s Kentucky Derby starters and Grade 1 winners in action there than at any other race meet at any other track at any time of the year.

When it comes to those expensive spa baby races, speed always helps. Most 2-year-old sprints are either won wire-to-wire, or are won by an early speed horse or pace-presser capable of staying within two lengths of the lead at the first call. Sometimes you will see a juvenile and/or a first-time starter win from off the pace in Saratoga sprints, but you can’t really rely on these types of horses. When you see one, you might want to take note of him or her, because you might be looking at a next-out winner and/or a horse destined for next spring’s classics.

It’s not a surprise that Todd Pletcher wins a lot of 2-year-old races and also wins with a lot of first-time starters. You can expect his numbers in this regard to be between 25-30%. However, in spite of his normally big win percentage, Pletcher’s Saratoga 2-year-olds are so well bet that they often result in a negative return on investment (ROI). Therefore, you’re going to need to dig a little deeper than Pletcher in order to make money with 2-year-olds at Saratoga.

Some of the Saratoga ROI leaders with 2-y-o first starters might surprise you. There are several trainers who can reward you with a positive ROI with their 2-y-o Spa first starters, including Rick Violette, John Kimmel, Barclay Tagg, Chad Brown, and Bob Baffert, who has shipped to the recent Saratoga meets with his very best, ready-to-win, dirt-suited juveniles that he feels he can’t win with on the Polytrack at Del Mar.

Other dangerous 2-year-old trainers at Saratoga include Linda Rice, Ken McPeek, Mike Hushion, and surprisingly, James Jerkens. The reason James Jerkens is surprising in this category is because he is much more well-known for his great winning percentage and ROI with maiden second-time startersKiaran McLaughlin, like James Jerkens, is much more likely to win with his 2-year-old second-time starters than his first starters at the Spa.

One guy who is known as a win-early trainer, Steve Asmussen, has been up-and-down in recent years and can burn a whole lot of money when he’s down.  However, it should be noted that 2011 and 2012 were both amongst the "up" years for Asmussen juveniles at the Spa. The last two years Asmussen has won a ton of 2-year-old races for a high win percentage and a huge in-the-money percentage.

First-Time Turfers

Saratoga, when the weather holds, probably runs a higher percentage of turf races than any other major meet of the year thanks to its two turf courses, classy horses, large horse population, and influx of top turf barns from all over the Eastern half of the country.  Many of the turf races each year are won by first-time turf starters, which are often some of the most difficult turf winners to handicap - often paying premium mutuel prices.

Some of the top trainers in this regard are certainly no surprise, with Todd Pletcher and Bill Mott leading the way over the course of the last several years.  Pletcher leads all trainers recently with Spa first-time turf winners.  It is Bill Mott, however, who has been much better in terms of ROI.  Other top trainers with first-time turfers at the Spa the last six years have included Chad Brown. Linda Rice has double-digit wins in this category - mainly with turf sprinters.

The top ROI trainers with first-time turfers at Saratoga the last eight years, besides Mott, have included Graham Motion, George Weaver, Stanley Hough, Christophe Clement, Barclay Tagg, Wesley Ward, and hot-and-cold guys like Mike Maker and Dominick SchettinoJohn Kimmel also haa good numbers with first-time turfers at Saratoga, but doesn’t have as many starters in the category as the other trainers mentioned above.  Gary Contessa also can spring to life in this category from time-to-time, even though he is not generally known for first-time turf winners, or turf winners in general for that matter.

Saratoga Turf Sprints

Anyone who follows New York racing knows that turf sprints have become an increasingly big part of the Saratoga landscape over the past several years. Even if you don’t like them, you ought to at least get used to them because turf sprints have become so firmly entrenched in Saratoga racing since 2005.

Saratoga turf sprints are all run at 5 1/2 furlongs on the main turf course, with none being carded on the inner turf. This differs greatly from Belmont, where turf sprints can be either 6 or 7 furlongs - with the 7 furlong Belmont turf sprints being run on the main turf course, and most of Belmont’s 6 furlong turf sprints run on the inner turf.

The turn in Saratoga turf sprints comes up much quicker than the turn for Belmont’s turf sprints, and Saratoga’s turns are obviously much tighter than Belmont’s. The different turns, along with the shorter distance, puts a much higher importance on tactical speed in Saratoga’s turf sprints as opposed to Belmont’s.

The first thing to understand about New York turf sprints (especially at Saratoga) before anything else, is that outside posts rule. This reality in some ways is contrary to conventional wisdom that would lead uninformed bettors to conclude that the inside posts are the places to be.

What are the reasons that inside posts are bad and outside posts are good in Saratoga turf sprints?  Well, if you are a late-running horse with an inside post, it can be very difficult to drop back in the field and then circle around the field with so little real estate to work with, particularly at Saratoga were the races are all 5 1/2 furlongs.  If you are a stalker with an inside draw, you risk getting buried down on the rail behind the speed horses who send from the rail or drop over from the outside. A stalker in this position finds itself at a big disadvantage vs. the outside closers with clear sailing who will get first run at the leaders.

As for speed horses, the inside is an equal disadvantage, except in cases where the horse is the flat-out lone speed in the field (a rarity in turf sprints at 5 1/2 furlongs).  In all other cases, inside speed horses are forced to "send" to the front, whether they want to or not, and will be at the mercy of the speed horses from the outside who have the advantage of being able to control the pace. No matter which way you slice it, the inside few of posts can be a difficult hurdle to overcome in Saratoga turf sprints - especially the rail!

Take a look at the raw post numbers at Saratoga. The inside gate in Saratoga turf sprints (2005-09) won just 11 of 197 races for a poor winning percentage of 5.5 percent, including just 1-for-43 in 2009 and 2-for-45 in 2010.  In 2011, the rail was awful again, going just 1-for-41 (2%). When the three Saratoga meets from 2009 thru 2011 are considered, the numbers for the rail are staggeringly bad.  Saratoga turf sprinters breaking from the rail post in 2009-11 went a combined 4-for-129 for an unbelievably bad 3.1% wins!

The other far inside posts were not much better in Saratoga turf sprints the last several years.  Interesting to note is that Post 2 actually had a great meet in Spa turf sprints in 2010 with 22% winners.  Nevertheless, when long-term stats are factored in, 2010 appears to be a positive aberration for Post 2 in turf sprints, because that post had lousy numbers every other season the turf sprints have been run at Saratoga (just 9% wins from 2005 to 2009, and 12% wins in 2011). Post No. 3 rounds out the bad inside post positions for Spa turf sprints winning just 2-for-43 (5%) in 2009 and only slightly better 4-for-44 (9%) in 2010, and then terrible again in 2011 going 2-for-41 (5%).

It should be noted, however, that NYRA finally seemed to address the turf sprint rail disadvantage at the 2012 Saratoga meet, when the field size in turf sprints was limited to only 8 starters.  The smaller field size seemed to go a long way in leveling the playing field for the inside three posts in Saratoga turf sprints, and particularly for the rail post, which saw its most winners and best winning percentage ever in Saratoga’s history of turf sprinting at the 2012 meet.  Therefore, I would suggest watching this angle closely at the 2013 meet.  If Saratoga again limits the amount of starters to 8 in turf sprints, the old anti-inside bias may turn out to be a thing of the past.  If more than 8 starters are again allowed in Spa turf sprints in 2013, horseplayers should again be aware that the rail post position (and actually all three of the inside posts) are death in Saratoga turf sprints with more than 8 starters, and horses from those post positions should be avoided, or at least downgraded, to win.

Something like post position seems like such a trivial handicapping tool, but in these wide open Saratoga turf sprints, any way you can narrow down the field can be helpful. Flat-out one of the best ways to narrow down these races in recent years has been to toss out the inside three runners, at least to win.

It is the outermost posts that have proven to be the absolute best posts to break from in Saratoga’s turf sprints. While the sample size is smaller, the outside posts 10-12, when in use, have earned winning percentages of approximately 10% each in turf sprints run at Saratoga for the seven years from (2005-2011), despite accounting for less than 8% of the total combined overall starters in those races.

Since turf sprints have been run at Saratoga dating back to the 2005 meet, Linda Rice has been the undisputed queen of those races with no other trainer coming even remotely close to putting up her kinds of numbers. Rice has sent out by far the most runners, and in turn the most winners. She’ll win the most races, but due to her high number of starters, she won’t win at the highest percentage. Nevertheless, her ROI is still usually above 2.00, which indicates her horses are usually worth betting and always difficult to bet against.

The summer at Saratoga is not only about the top horses, trainers and top jockeys - it’s also about the top-notch betting and handicapping. The fields are huge, the competition is stiff and evenly-matched, and therefore the payoffs are often pricey, and loaded with good value for horseplayers who are willing to put in the effort.  It is the ideal meet for horseplayers who follow track trends because so many novice handicappers and tourists pump so much money into the pools. Opportunities always abound for serious horseplayers to get their share of the pie over the course of the seven-week meet. Click here to get my daily selections at Saratoga.

I hope you can benefit from this Saratoga handicapping primer and use the information to your best advantage when trying to have fun and make money at Thoroughbred racing’s top summer destination - Saratoga. Best of luck!

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